Every transportation improvement project, no matter how simple or complex, is developed in terms of multiple project alternatives. Those alternatives must be examined closely to determine the one that best satisfies the project’s stated needs, balanced against the least possible impact to the area’s economic, historic and environmental resources.
At one end, the “No-Build” alternative is presented to serve as a baseline to determine what should be expected if no action is taken, while at the other end the impacts of a new road on completely new alignment might be examined to determine the greatest possible impact. Some choices are dismissed as infeasible up front, while others move to the next phase for further study. Eventually, the option that best satisfies the needs while retaining vital resources will be the alternative selected.
The Federal Highway Administration, in compliance with National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, has defined procedures to best determine what those alternatives might be and how they should be developed.
This improvement study of Route 30 can be viewed as an effort to define those particular alternatives. While none have as yet been determined, their eventual creation and study will be a joint effort of PennDOT, the Lancaster County Planning Commission, FHWA, McCormick, Taylor & Associates and community representatives.