Cultural Landscape

Since its beginnings almost 300 years ago, a rich and distinct culture has developed in eastern Lancaster County. That culture took root in the region under the influences of a diverse group of early 18th century settlers that included Swiss and German Mennonites, French Huguenots, and Welsh and English farmers.

Structures in the area cover a spectrum of styles that include Germanic (like the Hans Herr House at left, dated 1719, one of the earliest residences built in the county), Georgian, Federal, Classical Revival and Victorian Italianate. A casual drive along the Route 30 study area reveals a number of historic landscapes, bridges and even entire communities.

In any transportation improvement project that takes place in a region as historic as the Route 30 study area, one of the major goals is to preserve as much as possible of that which makes the area unique, and, in fact those preservation efforts have become the law. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act requires Federal agencies to consider the effects that transportation improvement projects may have on historic resources. It also provides resource agencies such as the Council for Historic Preservation a reasonable opportunity to comment on such undertakings. Section 106 ultimately seeks to balance historic preservation with the needs of Federal undertakings through consultation among agency officials and other interested parties, commencing at the early stages of project planning. The first step in that process is to first identify those local treasures, a task requiring painstaking fieldwork and research.

As part of the Route 30 Corridor Improvement Study, historians and archaeologists will make every effort to identify and save these important artifacts.